Facilitating the industry to adhere to international conventions and regulations within the overall framework of sustainable development also falls within the purview of Ministry activities. In the context of the present day global environment, the manufacture of a globally marketable environment friendly industrial product has become essential owing to obligations arising from international conventions including signals given under the WTO Agreements. Most developed countries have coupled environmental standards with other economic and non-economic conditions as pre-requisites for entry into their markets. Therefore catering to his standards has become important.
These have become important not only from the point of view of protecting the environment but also for the survival and growth of industry. Countries in the European Community have been particularly rigid about conformity to such standards. These include product standards for bottled water, baby food, etc., Eco labels, ISO standards such as ISO 17025, HACCP (Hazardous Analysis Critical Control Point), Eco-Tex 1000 for the garment and the textile industry and the proposed global initiative on environment reporting. Some of these standards are not implemented at present. However, they will certainly be implemented within the next decade. As such, if Sri Lankan industry is to be competitive in world markets, they should be geared to meet these specific requirements in the near future.
This has necessitated technological innovation and adaptation within the industries to accommodate environmental concerns. In line with these requirements, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce has promoted industrialists to adopt strategies such as application of cleaner production while inculcating principles such as waste minimization and technological upgrading for sustainable industrial development.
The Ministry's role in the field of environment can be considered under 03 major categories namely,
- Its role in policy formulation
- Its contribution towards the establishment of specific programme is to achieve these targets
- The implementation of such measures in the Ministry's own projects
As regards policy formulation, the Ministry continues to play an active role in the area of policy formulation with regard to environmental issues. It has in the past been active in this area. Good examples were the formulation of the National Industrial Pollution Management Policy Statement (1996), the National Environment Action Plan (industry 1997-2001) and the programme for integrating Cleaner Production into industrial development, where the Ministry has played an active role in the formulation of these policy statements. In 2002, the Cleaner Production Policy in relation to the Industrial sector was formulated by this Ministry.
National Cleaner Production Centre
The National Cleaner Production Centre was established under this Ministry in year 2002. As the 24th Cleaner Production Centre in the world the aim of this centre is basically to facilitate industrialists to achieve the challenges mentioned in the proceeding paragraphs. The Ministry of Industry and Commerce is the implementing agency of this project while the Federation of Chambers of Commerce & Industry in Sri Lanka (FCCISL) is the execution agency.
The total cost of the project is Norwegian Krones 17.3 Mn. with NORAD's contribution being Norwegian Krones 13 Mn. It also had a donor component from the UNIDO in the form of technical assistance valued at around Norwegian Krones 4.5 Mn.
The National Cleaner Production Centre is promoting the concept of sustainable production and consumption with Cleaner Production as a baseline tool through introduction of modern environment management tools such as Life Cycle Assessment, Eco Design, Global Reporting Initiatives, Environment Management Services and Cooperative Social Responsibilities. All activities of the NCPC are designed in accordance with the laws and regulations in Sri Lanka and international conventions and protocols, which Sri Lanka is a party to, including the declaration of the Johannesburg Summit and Millennium Development Goals.
Activities of NCPC up to end 2005
Aims and Objectives
- Awareness building among all stakeholders (industries, banks, service providers, public enterprises, universities, schools trade unions etc)
- Training Programmes on CP and related environmental management tools and techniques to train Consultants/Auditors/Facilitators
- Consultancy and advisory services to industries to implement CP practices including demonstration projects
- Train University academics and introduce CP in University curricula
- Information dissemination to industrialists and other interested parties
- CP investment and financing
- CP Policy development
Awareness programmes up to 2005 December
- Since 2002, 67 awareness seminars conducted and 2596 persons participated
- Profiles of participants
- Bank personnel
- University academics
- Local authority officers
- Public sector officials
- Schools teachers/children
- Employees from industrial zones
- 1065 persons trained for 3698 training days
- Types/areas covered in training programmes
- CP consultants/Auditor/intern training
- Energy consultants/managers training
- University curricula development
- Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
- Eco design of products
- Environmental Management Accounting
- Metal Finishing Industrial Training
- Training on Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
- Comfar iii Project Management
- Environmental Management Navigator
- Hazardous Waste Management
- Waste Recycling Programme (paper/plastics)
- Rubber sector
- 5 factories in latex, crepe, dipped products, foam products, solid rubber
- Coconut sector
- 4 factories in Desiccated Coconut in Wayamba
- Textile and Apparel
- 5 factories in textile and apparel
- Hotel sector
- 5 tourist hotels with star classifications
- Tea sector
- 3 tea factories in Gampola and 2 in Ratnapura
- NCPC conducted comprehensive assessments in 47 factories
- 1716 Waste Minimization options identified
- 55% low cost options implemented
- 27% medium cost options: only a few implemented
- Balance 18% heavy investments-not implemented by industries due to unavailability of low cost funding
- It also conducted 55 rapid CP assessments.
- NCPC helps industries to obtain ISO 14001 certification by providing consultance (Dankotuwa Industrial Estate)
- NCPC has commenced a Eco Design programme to improve environmental performance of selected three products
- NCPC has commenced a programme to develop innovation/Eco Innovation in the country
- NCPC is working with Ministry of Health to Health Waste Management